Traditional hardware tools to find a breakthrough in the market

Traditional hardware tools to find a breakthrough in the market In the era of planned economy, all industries and industries have a tendency to expand in quantity, but the tool industry has become more prominent. By the end of the 1980s, the basic contingent of more than 100 key enterprises and fixed-point enterprises in the tool industry had formed an annual capacity of 300 million high-speed steel cutters and more than 10 million measuring tools. The number of high-speed steel cutters ranked first in the world. At the same time, our neighboring tool manufacturing country Japan, the annual output of high-speed steel cutting tools reached the historical record of 120 million. Since then, due to the upgrading of the manufacturing industry, the demand for standard cutting tools has decreased, and the output has gradually dropped to 90 million pieces.

The size of China's manufacturing industry is less than that of Japan, but the output of tools is three times that of Japan. Obviously, it has reached a dangerously expanded area.

The expansion of quantity has affected the export market. In the last five years, the price of tools has been lowered repeatedly. Some companies even down 40%-50%, the country's sales have only reached 200 million or so, showing the culprit of excessive production.

What is even more serious is that in the mid to late 1980s, due to the optimistic assessment of the market prospects, key players in China’s tooling have not only expanded themselves, but also cultivated a large number of joint ventures to increase production capacity.

Afterwards, most of these joint ventures were separated from the parent company's independent development. In addition, some state-owned enterprises' employees set up their own factories under the sea and formed the first batch of tools for private and township enterprises in China.

These enterprises are relatively flexible in their mechanisms and do not have the historical burdens of state-owned enterprises. They may have become a new force in the reform and development of the tool industry.

Experts believe that due to various restrictions on talents, technology, equipment, and management levels, many of these companies are still on the verge of expanding their numbers, and intensified. In just 10 years, the total volume soared to 1 billion pieces. The varieties are concentrated on low-end products such as twist drills, construction drills, woodworking tools and calipers. Although the number is large, sales account for only about 30% of the total value of the domestic market. Although due to brand and quality reasons, these products have not entered the formal manufacturing tool sales system at home and abroad, but they have caused a great impact on China's tool export market.

Experts believe that the second major mistake in the development strategy of the hardware and tools industry is the unresponsiveness to the wave of technological innovation and international manufacturing. Did not seize the opportunity to timely upgrade the structure of China's tool products and services.

The overall level of China's tool industry and the gap between foreign countries, after 20 years of reform and opening up, have not been reduced but increased. This is a grim fact that we have to face.

We know that in the 60s and 70s of the 20th century, Western developed countries completed the "post-industrial development stage." Since the 1980s, they gradually entered the development of information technology, biology, new energy and new materials, and other high-tech industries. In the era of knowledge economy or new economy, there has emerged a wave of high technology to transform traditional industries.

Information technology, automated technology, modern control and management technology are rapidly and widely adopted, thereby raising the level of mechanical products and services to a whole new level.

In this major transformation, the machinery industry put forward unprecedented high standards for its tool products, one of the main processing methods. To sum up, it is high-precision, high-efficiency, high-reliability and specialization, that is, the so-called "three high and one special."

This requirement and the tool industry's traditional standardization, generalization, and serialized production of the same model of product development have produced great contradictions and conflicts.

In the early 1960s, the new four-roller twisting process was developed and promoted. By the early 1980s, it was eliminated in developed countries.

In order to catch up with the development requirements of modern machining, the foreign tool industry has resolved to target the new goal of “three highs and one specialization” and to completely change the old development model to a new height.

This all-round development and improvement requires a lot of capital investment and intellectual investment. At this time, we have lost the best opportunities for development. Some companies with weaker capabilities have gradually lost their power and have withdrawn from the stage.

From these developments and changes, it is not difficult to understand that the gap between China's tool industry, which has stagnated, and the rapidly growing foreign tool industry, is an inevitable result.

In recent years, people in the industry have often complained that the market is weak and sales are sluggish. In fact, the market demand structure is being adjusted, the production structure has not been adjusted, and structural weakness has occurred.

There are figures in this respect: According to the statistics from 1998-2000, the import of cutting tools has increased from more than 40 million US dollars per year to more than 80 million US dollars. It can be seen that in the field of high-tech products, the market demand is still very strong.

Experts believe that there is no way out for retrogression. We must learn new ways of survival and development in market competition.

To enter the market economy, companies first give themselves a correct position: where are the advantages of the enterprise, which targets are suitable for the service, and how to serve? Correct positioning is the premise for the development of the enterprise, and the purpose is to avoid weaknesses and surpass the competition in the competition.

In this regard, we must draw lessons from the era of planned economy. We must be large and all-round, small, and all-inclusive. We should do nothing and have no advantage. This is doomed to failure in market competition.

Starting from the status quo of the hardware tool industry in China, it can be generally stated that in terms of traditional standardization tools, China’s product performance and price are still quite competitive in the domestic and international markets. This advantage must be maintained and carried forward, and is also the capital for our development. But don't make blind mistakes in numbers or chaos.

In the "three high and one special" modern tools and technical services, we have a big gap with the international strong hand.

However, in the international tool industry, large and strong multinational companies are the minority, and thousands of SMEs still survive and develop. They rely on their expertise and their small, specialized, small and strong roads.

When China's tool industry transitions to modernization, it must also develop its own characteristics and start with small and specialized steps. In particular, current large and medium-sized tool companies should not overestimate their own strength. In the process of technological innovation and improvement of the competitiveness of enterprises, they must also pay attention to highlighting key points, focus their efforts on combatting war, and refrain from making big mistakes and blind development.

This kind of positioning of seeking truth from facts for the enterprise will, instead, give play to the overall advantages of the entire industry and accelerate the pace of modernization.

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